Article 13315

Title of the article

REALIZATION OF METAPHORS IN MODERN FRENCH POETRY FOR CHILDREN

Authors

Pushina Liubov Alexandrovna, Candidate of philological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of Romance philology, second foreign languages and linguodidactics, Udmurt State University (1 Universitetskaya street, Izhevsk, Russia), lioubov.pouchina@gmail.com
Tikhonova Marina Petrovna, Candidate of philological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of French language and French teaching technique, Smolensk State University (4 Przhevalskogo street, Smolensk, Russia), brick_67@bk.ru

Index UDK

81.133.2’38:82-1

Abstract

Background. The phenomenon of language play attracts nowadays the attention of philologists due to being widespread not only in fiction but also in everyday communication. Language play is one of the most complex phenomena, and its mechanisms have not been fully elucidated yet. The present study examines the realization of metaphors as rhetorical figures having a significant ludic potential.
Material and methods. The article deals with the linguostylistic analysis of realization of metaphors in the contemporary poetry for children by such French authors as Robert Desnos, Claude Roy, Michel Boucher, Yves Pinguilly and others. Their works cover the period from the 1940s to 2006, so it is possible to speak about an established tradition which originates from the literature experiments in France in the early XX century and comes to play a particularly important role in the poetry for children.
Conclusions. Realization of metaphors is a rhetorical figure in which metaphorical words or expressions are used in the direct, literal meaning. Metaphors that undergo such transformations are mostly etymological and lexicalized metaphors, corresponding, from the structural point of view, to a single lexical unit or a word combination. The linguistic context that contributes to the actualization of the metaphor’s literal meaning is represented by such compositional forms as narration, description, and dialogue. The semantics of the original meaning of the metaphor is realized in convergent combinations with extended metaphors and various types of repetitions (synonyms, hyponyms, words of the same root, grammatical forms of the word). Being a widespread instrument of creating a comic effect, realization of metaphors in the poetry for children becomes also an important means of linguistic, aesthetic and intellectual development of children.

Key words

poetry for children, ludic function, realization of metaphors, rhetorical figures.

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References

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Дата создания: 11.11.2015 09:53
Дата обновления: 12.11.2015 10:03